Employment Relationships

The fundamental transaction between workers and employers—effort exchanged for compensation—has remained constant over time.

However, recent decades have seen the decline of unions and collective bargaining and the rise of nonstandard work arrangements such as contract and temporary employment. These new arrangements give employers greater flexibility but raise questions about the implications for workers’ wages, benefits, job stability and protection under regulation.


Domestic Outsourcing in the United States: A Research Agenda to Assess Trends and Effects on Job Quality

February 11, 2016 · Research Highlight
The goal of this paper is to develop a comprehensive research agenda to analyze trends in domestic outsourcing in the United States—firms’ use of contractors and independent contractors—and its effects on job quality and inequality.

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Perils of the High and Low Roads

January 1, 2001 · Research

Introduction [to Pay at Risk]

January 1, 2001 · Research

Risk in Employment Arrangements

January 1, 2001 · Research

The Changing Workweek

January 1, 2001 · Research

Working Hard

January 1, 2001 · Research