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The focus of the Institute’s research extends beyond the United States. With the ever accelerating progress being made in telecommunications and transportation, it is clear that economies and employment in all countries are becoming more and more intertwined. For the past two decades, staff members at the Upjohn Institute have conducted scholarly research in Europe and Asia.
Globalization affects domestic employment through the outsourcing of jobs and through the composition of foreign trade. Trade issues include not only a consideration of the types of commodities that get exchanged, but also of policy levers such as tariffs, quotas, and exchange rates.
Of course, goods and services are not the only entities that cross national borders. Upjohn Institute-sponsored research into immigration examines the issues around the movement of individuals that directly impact labor markets.
Senior economist Susan Houseman has contributed substantially to a growing recognition that outsourcing and import pricing substantially affect productivity statistics in the United States Official statistics may be substantially mismeasuring productivity and thereby clouding perceptions of overall firm performance.
The economic dynamics that are occurring in transition economies are a unique, living laboratory for Upjohn Institute researchers. The dramatic reductions in state ownership of the means of production along with access to administrative data in the countries undergoing transition have allowed staff members to study firm behavior and ownership.