Education & Training

One of the purposes of the education and training “system” in the United States is to impart skills and knowledge to individuals that will prepare them to have productive careers.


Early Childhood

Traditionally, education is thought of as spanning kindergarten to college (K-16), but early childhood care and education affects the labor force and economy in 3 ways:
  1. The child care and preschool sectors employ a large number of individuals.
  2. Child care issues must be resolved in order to facilitate the employment of parents, especially single parents.
  3. High quality preschool and early education programs have long-run impacts on the economies of localities and regions.f return to localities and regions.

K-12 Education

K-12 education is a huge enterprise that greatly influences employment and labor markets. Because this system develops many of the skills needed to be productive in the labor force, it has been studied by Upjohn Institute researchers who have made policy recommendations aimed at its general improvement. In addition to its mission of delivering education to young individuals, it should be recognized that embedded within the educational system is an entire labor market for teachers and administrators that faces issues of fairness and compensation.

Postsecondary Education

Many, if not most, American workers extend their education beyond grade 12 and pursue postsecondary education or private sector training. Education and training beyond high school can take many forms from 2- and 4-year institutions to apprenticeships to certificated proprietary institutions. Furthermore, rapid changes in the workplace have resulted in a realization that lifelong learning is required in many occupations. Upjohn Institute researchers have conducted many studies examining the effectiveness of the education and training that occurs after K-12 in terms of labor market outcomes.

See also On-the-Job Training.